Beagle Health

Sterilization: yes or no? (sterilizing a dog)

Sterilizing your dog is a crucial issue that often causes doubts and indecisions to the owners about what to do.

First of all, what does it mean sterilizing a dog?

From a strictly physiological point of view, it means making the animal unable to reproduce. Anatomically, surgery is performed on both the male and the female directly on their genital apparatus, while putting the animal under general anesthesia.

The surgery removes the testicles for the male (orchiectomy) and the ovaries for the female (oophorectomy) respectively. In case difficulties arise during surgery, the surgeon may remove the entire uterus and ovaries (ovaristerectomia).

Before taking a look at the pros and cons of the surgery, it may be significant to ask yourselves a question: Do you want your beagle to procreate?

If an owner has a pure breed dog, often provided with pedigree, he could be interested in the breeding of their beloved friend for many different reasons: from a simple breeding interest in the maintenance of certain bloodlines (in collaboration with a ‘professional breeder‘) or to simple joy to take care of the litter, with all the commitments that this situation would require.

For this important decision, you should listen to the opinion of a trusted veterinarian! Once you need to decide whether or not to have your dog sterilized, it’s important to know the pros and the cons of the process

  • MALE

It’s possible to proceed after a few months after his birth. The important thing is to check before if the testicles have already completed their descent into the scrotum. Sterilizing clearly eliminates the possibility of occurrence of testicular cancer, and it reduces the occurrence of cancer and other prostate problems significantly. It was recently shown that castration does affect neither skeletal development nor the final size that the dog would reach when he fully matures. Despite a change in the metabolism (due to a hormonal imbalance caused by the lack of the testicles) the weight of your friend can be easily controlled with specific nutrition.

Regarding his behavior, sterilization can reduce the aggressiveness of the dog (although it depends on each case), especially if the surgery happens before he has aggressive behaviors which are a typical behavior in a mature dog when he competes for female. If you intervene before he has reached his maturity, however, his appearance will not develop those particular characteristic features of the “full male.”


The surgery can also be performed already after few months after her birth; even if the puppy isn’t very young, the tolerance to the surgery and her recovery speed would be excellent.

It’s advisable to sterilize the female after the first heat. In fact, acting too early a higher risk of experiencing phenomena of incontinence would occur, and it would be preventing changes of the aesthetic characteristics related to the hormonal imbalance created by the surgery like for males.

Proceeding with sterilization in tender or young age you reduce the occurrence of breast tumors drastically and, of course, you eliminate chances of problems and infections in the uterus and ovaries.

The female—like the male—may also suffer the same skeletal development and weight control issues.

It has to be noticed, in regards to the sterilized female’s behavior, the surgery neutralizes the risk of false pregnancies and connected character disorders.

With the help of a veterinarian and after careful, long deliberation, you can make the right decision that gives your beagle and his/her family a happy life!

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